Interesting discussion from Rootsweb. Mentions 2nd Madras European Regiment, which Abraham Harrison was a ‘private’ in, in an 1841 Muster List. It notes the 2nd Madras European Regiment was wholly recruited in Ireland and UK, which helps narrow down Abrahams place of birth.

RootsWeb: INDIA-L Re: [INDIA] MORE HELPFUL INFORMATION …Allowance for Eurasianwives..

http://archiver.rootsweb.ancestry.com/th/read/india/2010-01/1264031553

From: “Ian Macdonnell”
Subject: Re: [INDIA] MORE HELPFUL INFORMATION …Allowance for Eurasianwives.
Date: Thu, 21 Jan 2010 10:52:33 +1100
References:
In-Reply-To:

Chairman, Mr Bailey wrote :

> FIBIS Guide No.1 (Section 12) gives an extract from the General Orders by
> the Right Honourable the Governor (of Madras) in Council. (General Order
> No. 6 of 1841). I quote:
> 21. An allowance of Rs. 3 1/2 per mensem is authorized to East Indian
> wives
> of effective, non-effective and pensioned European non-commissioned and
> inferior grades of the Honourable Company’s service, such women being the
> daughters of European soldiers who have been educated at Regimental or
> other
> established Military schools, and also to East Indian women, wives of
> Drummers, Buglers, etc., the offspring of European fathers married to
> women
> of the same description.
> N.B. This boon is extended to all East Indian women who were wives of
> European Soldiers, etc. as above on 1st November 1840 without reference to
> parentage or place of education. It will be extended as an indulgence to
> claimants married subsequently to that date who can produce a certificate
> from a clergyman or other Public Functionary stating that such instruction
> as the daughter of a Christian soldier should receive has been bestowed
> upon
> her, but each case must be submitted for the consideration and order of
> Government.
> Hope this helps
> Good Hunting!
> Peter Bailey

PETER,

THANK YOU VERY MUCH. I’LL USE THE FIBIS SITE MUCH MORE NOW.
I JUST FOUND A USEFUL, RATHER OBSCURE, ARTICLE CALLED Haemoglobin D (B
Punjab) in an East Anglian Family WHICH CONTAINS USEFUL INFO IN THIS REGARD.
SHOULD I UPLOAD THIS TO FIBIS WIKI? HERE IS AN EXTRACT.
“The provision of Christian orphanages and marriage allowances for soldiers
marrying Eurasian women suggests that one solution of the problem was
recognized by the authorities. The First Madras European Regiment paid
European wives of soldiers five rupees a month and East Indian [= Eurasian]
wives, if at the same time daughters of European soldiers, 32 rupees a month
(Neill I843). In I822 in Bombay the five rupees per month payable to
European women was now granted to ‘women of colour, natives of the West
Indies, married to European soldiers and who may have accompanied their
husbands from Europe to India’. It was also given to ‘wives of European
non-commis-sioned officers and soldiers upon this establishment who are the
offspring of native women of European fathers, and who have been or shall be
married out of the Central School of the Bombay Education Society, or who
not having been educated at the School, shall be provided with a certificate
of Christian education and good character from the Chaplain at the stations
at which they have habitually resided’ (Aitchison I824). The regulations
concerning West Indian wives demonstrates the return of at least some
coloured brides (probably of African origin) when the regiment was
repatriated to England. It is apparent that at this time the pure Indian
would be unlikely to become a soldier’s wife as she would not be eligible
for marriage allowance. An assessment of then umber of inter-racial
marriages.In order to establish the likelihood of detecting haemoglobin D a
Punjab in Norfolk it is necessary to have an indication of the number of
marriages occurring between British troops and Indian or part-Indian women.
Children of extra-marital relationships would not have returned to England
with their fathers. No figures for marriage appear to be available and
investigation of regimental records show in very great majority that the
names of the brides were British. This would be expected if these were
Eurasian brides. Fortunately one regiment for a brief period (I840-63)
recorded the nationality of the bride. This regiment was a Company regiment,
the I osth Madras 2nd European Regiment. It had a strength of about one
thousand men and was recruited solely in Ireland and the United Kingdom
(Anon. I87I). The regiment served in India until I874 becoming incorporated
into the King’s Own Yorkshire Light Infantry when Company and Royal troops
were merged. The records are in poor condition, partly illegible and with
pages missing. Between I840 and I863 one hundred and eighty-six marriages
are recorded with a record of the woman’s parentage made up as follows: 67
European, I I I Indo-Briton, 7 East Indian, I Indian. Thirty-five marriages,
in which the date is defaced, have been included in the above since from
their position in the register they might reasonably have occurred in this
period. In this period, ninety additional marriages were recorded, where the
race was illegible or the marriage recorded on the orthodox regimental
marriage form, where there is no mention of the bride’s origin. It is of
interest that all the names of the brides were British except the Indian
with the name Chinnamah, who would most likely be an Indian Christian. If
the semen were representative, each year British troops married about 400
Indo-Britons and twenty-five East Indians and Indians.This may well have
been con-tinued for about a hundred years and, if so, one would expect the
total marriages to be 40,000 to Indo-Britons and 2,500 to East Indian or
Indian. It is obviously un-fortunate that this conclusion is, of necessity,
based on a few men over a limited period. The Indo-Britona nd East Indian.T
he offspring of a racially mixed marriage involving British father and
Indian mother has been called several names. Apart from the word
‘half-caste’ they are referred to as East Indian, Indo-British, Eurasian,
and Anglo-Indian.
These names may well alter their meaning with time: at some periods an
Anglo-Indian was an English person born in India and this even is the
definition of Indo-Britoni n the Century Dictionary(I 899). However, T. G.
Clarke (I 878) informs us that the term Indo-Briton was more or less
accepted in preference to the epithet ‘half-caste’, more especially as the
Government had chosen to adopt it in their order as distinguishing the class
from the pure European. W. H. Carey in his history of the East India Company
from i6oo to I858 is also emphatic that from I827 ‘Indo-Briton’ implies an
offspring of a racially mixed marriage. It is puzzling why the term East
Indian is still used by the regimental recorder and it appears reasonable
that those referred to were Eurasians not regarded as of British descent,
probably French or Portuguese. The introduction of the term ‘Indo-Briton’ in
I827 was undoubtedly an effort to obtain greater loyalty from persons whose
living conditions were purposely not always made easy by the authorities.”

I GATHER THERE ARE NO RECORDS OF THESE ALLOWANCES. CORRECT? THEY MAY HAVE
TOLD US SO MUCH…..EG…… WIVES NAMES, “PARENTAGE” OF THE WIFE SEEING
THIS WAS CRITICAL IN ENTITLEMENT. ALSO, IF AN SOLDIER/OFFICER AND HIS WIFE
WERE NOT ON IT, THEN A GOOD ASSUMPTION TO FOLLOW UP, MAY BE THAT HIS “WIFE”
WAS NOT ANGO-INDIAN , EG, AN INDIAN, – AND NOT MARRIED. IE, WHY FOREGO AN
ON-GOING ALLOWANCE!

IAN MACDONNELL

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